Standard operating procedure (SOP) for safety in the laboratory

Safety in laboratory

Standard operating procedure (SOP) for safety in the laboratory


The purpose of a standard operating procedure (SOP) for safety in the laboratory is to outline the steps and guidelines that should be followed to ensure the safety of all personnel working in the laboratory. The SOP should provide clear and concise instructions for all laboratory personnel to follow to minimize the risk of accidents and injuries.


The scope of the SOP should cover all aspects of safety in the laboratory, including personal protective equipment (PPE), chemical safety, fire safety, biological safety, electrical safety, emergency procedures, equipment safety, workplace ergonomics, waste management, accident and incident reporting, training and education, handling hazardous materials, handling hazardous equipment, and emergency shutdown procedures.


  • Good laboratory practices (GLP): A set of principles and guidelines that describe the conditions and practices that must be followed to ensure that laboratory work is conducted in a consistent, reliable, and reproducible manner.
  • Nonclinical laboratory study: A study that is conducted to evaluate the safety or effectiveness of a regulated product, such as a drug or food additive, in animals or in vitro systems.


  • Laboratory personnel are responsible for following all  practices and procedures for safety in the laboratory outlined in this SOP.
  • The Quality Assurance Unit (QAU) is responsible for ensuring that all practices and procedures for safety in the laboratory are followed and for maintaining the quality of laboratory work.


  1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • All personnel must wear the appropriate PPE while working in the laboratory.
  • PPE includes gloves, goggles, lab coats, and other protective clothing as necessary.
  • PPE must be worn at all times while working in the laboratory.
  • If PPE becomes damaged or contaminated, it must be replaced immediately.
  1. Chemical Safety
  • All hazardous chemicals must be stored in designated areas, away from sources of ignition.
  • Chemicals must be stored in approved containers and labeled with their proper identification.
  • Personnel must be trained on the proper handling and storage of hazardous chemicals.
  • In the event of a chemical spill, the spill must be contained and cleaned up immediately. Follow the appropriate procedures as outlined in the chemical spill response plan.
  1. Fire Safety
  • Keep all sources of ignition, including cigarettes, matches, and open flames, away from flammable materials.
  • Familiarize yourself with the location and proper use of fire extinguishers in the laboratory.
  • In the event of a fire, activate the fire alarm and evacuate the laboratory immediately. Follow the evacuation plan as outlined in the emergency procedures.
  1. Biological Safety
  • Handle all biological materials with caution and follow proper handling procedures.
  • Dispose of biological materials in designated containers.
  • If working with potentially infectious agents, follow all appropriate biosafety guidelines, including the use of PPE and designated containment facilities.
  1. Electrical Safety
  • Use electrical equipment in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Properly ground all electrical equipment.
  • Do not use damaged or frayed electrical cords.
  1. Emergency Procedures
  • In the event of an emergency, such as an accident or chemical spill, follow the appropriate emergency procedures as outlined in the emergency response plan.
  • If you witness an emergency situation, immediately report it to a supervisor or designated emergency response personnel.


  • All data and records related to laboratory work must be accurately and consistently recorded and maintained in accordance with GLP regulations.
  • Records must be legible, complete, and clearly identified.
  • Records must be stored in a secure location and must be easily retrievable.


  • All laboratory personnel must receive training  for safety in the laboratory principles and practices before conducting any laboratory work.
  • Training must be documented and records must be maintained.


  • Good Laboratory Practice Regulations, 21 CFR Part 58
  • International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) Guideline for Good Clinical Practice (GCP)

Approval: This SOP has been reviewed and approved by the QAU.

Date of last review: [insert date]

Date of next review: [insert date]

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