Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Equipment Qualification

Cleaning of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

1: Purpose

1.1 Objective The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is to establish a systematic and standardized approach for the qualification of equipment used in [Company Name] to ensure their suitability, reliability, and compliance with regulatory requirements.

1.2 Scope This SOP applies to all equipment used in [Company Name], including but not limited to manufacturing, laboratory, and quality control equipment.

2: Responsibilities

2.1 Management The management of [Company Name] is responsible for providing the necessary resources and support to implement this equipment qualification process.

2.2 Quality Assurance (QA) Department The QA Department is responsible for overseeing the equipment qualification activities, including the review and approval of qualification protocols and reports.

2.3 Operations and Maintenance Personnel Operations and maintenance personnel are responsible for executing the equipment qualification protocols and ensuring proper maintenance and calibration of the equipment.

2.4 Validation Team The validation team, comprised of representatives from relevant departments, is responsible for developing and executing equipment qualification protocols.

3: Equipment Qualification Process

3.1 Identification of Critical Equipment The validation team, in collaboration with the respective departments, shall identify critical equipment requiring qualification based on risk assessment and impact on product quality, safety, and regulatory compliance.

3.2 Qualification Protocol Development The validation team shall prepare equipment qualification protocols that outline the specific tests, acceptance criteria, and procedures to be followed during the qualification process. The protocols shall be reviewed and approved by the QA Department before execution.

3.3 Installation Qualification (IQ) The IQ phase verifies that the equipment is installed correctly and meets all the required specifications. This includes verification of utilities, equipment location, environmental conditions, and proper integration with other systems.

3.4 Operational Qualification (OQ) The OQ phase ensures that the equipment operates within specified parameters and can consistently perform its intended functions. Performance tests are conducted under various operating conditions, and results are compared against predefined acceptance criteria.

3.5 Performance Qualification (PQ) The PQ phase evaluates the equipment’s ability to consistently produce the desired results under simulated or actual operating conditions. This phase may involve process challenges, load testing, and long-term performance assessment.

3.6 Requalification and Periodic Review A requalification and periodic review schedule shall be established based on risk assessment and regulatory requirements. Equipment shall be requalified whenever significant changes occur or at predefined intervals to ensure continued compliance and performance.

4: Documentation and Records

4.1 Equipment Qualification Reports Upon completion of each qualification phase, the validation team shall prepare comprehensive reports summarizing the procedures, results, deviations (if any), and conclusions. These reports shall be reviewed and approved by the QA Department.

4.2 Maintenance and Calibration Records Records of equipment maintenance, calibration, and any corrective actions taken shall be maintained in a designated repository.

5: Training

5.1 Training Program Training shall be provided to all personnel involved in equipment qualification, including validation team members, operations, and maintenance staff, to ensure they understand the process and carry out their responsibilities effectively.

6: Change Control

6.1 Change Management Any proposed changes to qualified equipment or related processes shall follow the company’s change control procedures and be assessed for their impact on equipment qualification.

7: Deviations and Non-conformances

7.1 Deviation Management In the event of deviations or non-conformances during the equipment qualification process, appropriate investigation, documentation, and corrective actions shall be implemented as per the company’s deviation management procedures.

8: References

8.1 Relevant Regulations and Guidelines The equipment qualification process shall comply with applicable regulatory requirements and industry guidelines.

8.2 Other Relevant SOPs This SOP should be read in conjunction with other relevant SOPs related to equipment maintenance, calibration, and validation.

9: Approval and Review

9.1 Approval This SOP shall be approved by [Name and Title of Approving Authority] and the date of approval shall be documented.

9.2 Review This SOP shall be reviewed at least once a year or as required by changes in regulations or company policies to ensure its continued suitability and effectiveness.

End of Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Equipment Qualification.

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